someone said: I thought this could be very useful to a lot of people on here, I've not seen one so "blunt" on the internet, these are the basic chords and their extensions, just taken from my old college notes, so I hope this is helpful to people.
major 1 3 5
major 6th 1 3 5 6
major 7th 1 3 5 7
major 9th 1 3 5 7 9
major add9th 1 3 5 9
major 6/9th 1 3 5 6 9
major 7/6th 1 3 5 6 7
major 13th 1 3 5 7 9 13
minor 1 b3 5
minor 6th 1 b3 5 6
minor 7th 1 b3 5 b7
minor 9th 1 b3 5 b7 9
minor 11th 1 b3 5 b7 9 11
minor 7/11th 1 b3 5 b7 11
minor add 9th 1 b3 5 9
minor 6/9th 1 b3 5 6 9
minor major 7th 1 b3 5 7
minor major 9th 1 b3 5 7 9
Dominant 7th 1 3 5 b7
Dominant 7/6th 1 3 5 6 b7
Dominant 7/11th 1 3 5 b7 11
Dominant 7th suspended 1 4 5 b7
Dominant 7/6th suspended 1 4 5 6 b7
Dominant 9th 1 3 5 b7 9
Dominant 11th 1 3 5 b7 9 11
Dominant 13th 1 3 5 b7 9 13
Dominant 13th suspended 1 4 5 b7 9 13
Dominant 7/6/11th 1 3 5 b7 11 13
Dominant 11/13th 1 3 5 b7 9 11 13
Diminished 7th 1 b3 b5 bb7 (bb7 = 6th)
Augmented 1 3 #5
let me try to explain it for you all in it's most basic terms. Without all the big scary words that confuse the hell out of all of us. now i'm just going to assume you know absolutly nothing, so no one gets lost.
Major, Minor , Dominant , Diminshed, and Augmented are all types of chords. Nothing more or nothing less.
Major chords= Happy
Minor chords = Sad
Dominant chords= bluesy
Diminshed = "cartoon chords" (play this dimished chord fill)
play it slowly. it should sound like in the cartoons when bugs bunny is sneaking up on elmer fud and ####. thats why i call 'em the cartoon chords.
Okay, everyone happy and caught up to speed? Still with me? is it making sense?
Now let me explain what this is that bob has given us and more importantly how to read it.
this is how scales and chords come together. Each number is a "Scale degree" meaning it's a specific note in any given scale. OKAY read that part again it's nothing fancy just a specific note in a scale.
i'm going to show you an example in C and G major.
CDEFGABC - is the scale.
1=C 2=D 3=E 4=F 5=G 6=A 7=B 8=C 9=D 10=E Etc.
C major chord is 1 3 5
so, C E G ... now play a C and what 3 notes are you hitting? CEG.
C minor is 1 b3 5 (don't get confused by the b it' just means the 3rd "degree" is flat)
So, C Eb G ... now play a "minor chord" and what 3 notes are you hitting? CEbG
the same thing holds true for the Key of G
1=G 2=A 3=B 4=C 5=D 6=E 7=F# etc.
Gmajor = 135
the same thing goes for both major and minor scale and chords.
Lets look one of the more complicated ones So you understand this beyond just the "basic" key of C.
G Dominant 7/6th 1 3 5 6 b7
we start with the major key of G
which you learned was
GABCDEF#G because we're going to play a Dominant 7/6th it still falls in the catagory of a "major" chord. (keep in mind a Minor chord is essentially a major chord with a flat 3rd "degree" ok) the same thing applies here. we have a b7th and and added 6th
so our scale would be
1=G 2=A 3=B 4=C 5=D 6=E 7=F 8=G
and your chord is
you can now play any note in that scale over top of that chord. (this scale just happens to be a "mode" of the Cmaj scale)
Now lets put it to practical application.
now lets say you want to play a Gminor scale or in the key of G minor
well you know from your diagram above that a Gmin is 1 b3 5
G Bb D
So you look at the minor scale
1=G 2=A 3=Bb 4=C 5=D 6=E 7=F# 8=G
from looking at this you know that you can play a Gminor scale and all of it's 7 modes over top of the key of Gminor. Same thing holds true for all the keys, scales, and chords.
okay did i lose you? hopefully not... if so p.m. me and i'll try to help you.
Now i mentioned modes twice now, and there is to much confusion as to what they are. there is a ton of information out there but because they use big scary words and word it in a confusing manner, many people can't understand them.
let me explain in "caveman" terms.
a mode is a series of notes.
a scale is a series of notes.
there are 7 modes for each scale.
each mode has a name and are in a specific order. they are
Ionian Dorian Phrygian Lydian Mixolydian Aeolian Locrian
first let me give you a easy way to remember the modes and the order they belong in.
"I Don't Punch Like Mohammad Ahh Lee"
okay so you know the C major scale from earlier in the lesson. it is
that is the Ionian mode of C
because it is based on the first note of the C scale.
all a mode is, is the same scale just starting and ending on a diffrent note or "degree" in any scale.
Ionian - cdefgabc
Dorian - defgabcd
Phrygian - efgabcde
Lydian - fgabcdef
Mixolydian - gabcdefg
Aeolian - abcdefga
Locrian - bcdefgab
notice how the notes don't change, they just get shifted.
Ionian begins on the 1 scale degree
Dorian on the 2nd
Phrygian on the 3rd
lydian on the 4th
mixolydian on the 5
Aeolian of the 6th
locrian on the 7th
this holds true for all other scales as well.
Ionian - abc#def#g#
Dorian - bc#def#g#a
Phrygian - c#def#g#ab
Lydian - def#g#abc#
Mixolydian - ef#g#abc#d
Aeolian - f#g#abc#de
Locrian - g#abc#def#
notice how the notes which are # do not change, only the placement of them do.
So what does all this crap mean? well remember when i showed you why it sounds good to play a Gmin scale over a Gmin chord? (i hope you do!) remember how i also said not only can you play a Gmin scale, but all of it's modes as well? well now you know that a Mode is the same thing as any particular scale you just start and end on a diffrent note or "degree".
though technically the same scale, modes will give your lead work a diffrent feel and sound than a standard major or minor scale. Also you're no longer stuck to just doing a boring Gmaj scale over a Gmaj chord.
So there you have it. i recomend you get out your notebook and write down all the major and minor keys and scales and practice and learn and memorize a new one each day.
not just a "box" pattern!!! i recomend you learn the notes on each string. learn them all on one string, on two strings, on the 1-5 frets, on the 5-8 frets on the 8-12 frest. learn all the possiable ways to do any and all of the scales anywhere on the fretboard. (it is possiable)
you can literally play every peice of music known to man using only the 1st through 5th frets. or the 5-8th frets or the 8-12 frets.
So there you have it Applied musical theory: 301 i might do a 101 and 201 as well.. if there is a demand.
Also, if you learned something invaluable, please donate via paypal. (guitargeek666(at)hotmail(dot)com)
knowledge is free, englightenment is priceless, but a teacher's gotta eat to guys....